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Vector & Vector-Borne Diseases Research Institute (VVBDI) TANGA






Dr. IMNA I. MALELE, The Acting Manager at Vector & Vector Borne Diseases Institute (VVBDI) from December 2013 to date. She holds a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) from the University of Bangor, Wales, UK. Her expertise dwells in Molecular Parasitology and Diagnosis of Vector Borne Diseases, with 27 years experience in Tsetse & African Trypanosomiasis Research and Control. Dr Malele served as a member of the Consortium for Development of Xenomonitoring Tools for African Trypanosomiasis (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation). She has been a Contract Holder of Coordinated Research by IAEA on Tsetse Symbionts and Pathogens, and enhancement of Tsetse refractoriness to diseases. She is associated with a regional Eastern Africa Network for Trypanosomosis (EANETT), a forum for trypanosomiasis and tsetse research and control; PAMCA Tanzania chapter. Other forums include Tanzania Entomological Association and Tanzania Society for Animal Production. She has served in research and development projects and several consultancy assignments including; Technology Transfer in Ethiopia at Kality Facility. She is a recipient to several Projects such as Zonal Agriculture Research Fund (ZARDEF), IAEA, WHO/TDR, BECANET and COSTECH. In 2008 – 2010, she was a recipient of the African Women in Agricultural Research & Development (AWARD) Fellowship Program for strategic career enhancement by CGIAR. In 2004 she was awarded a 2003/04 National Award for Research in Science and Technology (NARST); by the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) in recognition for her contribution to science and technology. Dr. Malele has published 25 papers as author and co author in peer reviewed Journal, and a total of 30 conference proceedings. Reviewed several papers in journals of vector and parasitology thematic area and supervised a number of PhD students both within and outside Tanzania. She has attended several national & international workshops and presented several papers at these workshops/conferences. Dr Malele serves as a Board Member for Tanga Urban Water Supply Authority since 2010 and Living Stone Boy’s Seminary Secondary school since 2013.

Selected publication

  1. Imna I Malele, Johnson O Ouma, John CK Enyaru,  Enock Matovu, et al (2013). Veterinary Parasitologyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.05.022
  2. Muturi CN, Ouma JO, Malele II, Ngure RM, Rutto JJ, Mithöfer KM, Enyaru J, Masiga DK (2011). PLoS ONE 6(2): e17284. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017284
  1. Malele, I.I., et al.. J. Invertebr. Pathol. (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.07.018
  2. AutyHK,  PicozziK,  MaleleI,  TorrSJ,et al. (2012)PLoSNeglTropDis6(1):e1501.doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001501
  3. Imna I Malele, Henry B Magwisha, et al (2011).Parasites & Vectors 2011, 4:217
  4. Malele, I. I., H. Nyingilili & A. Msangi (2011). AJAR Vol. 6(10), pp. 2341-2347
  1. Laohasinnarong D, Thekisoe OM, Malele I, Namangala B, Ishii A, Goto Y, Kawazu SI, Sugimoto C, Inoue N. (2011).. Parasitol Res. 2011 109 (6):1735-9
  2. John C. Enyaru, Johnson O. Ouma, Imna I. Malele, Enock Matovu and Daniel K. Masiga (2010). Trends in Parasitology 26, 388–394
  3. Malele, I.,  S. Kibona, L. Matemba,  et al., (2006).Tanzania Health Research Bulletin Vol 8 (2), 80 – 85.
  4. Imna Malele, Lisa Craske, Claire Knight, Vanessa Ferris, Zablon Njiru, Patrick Hamilton, Stella Lehane, Mike Lehane ,Wendy Gibson, (2003). Infection, Genetics and Evolution Vol. 3 (4), 271 – 279

Her functions as a manager include ensuring the realization of the Vision, Mission and mandate of VVBDI with the following roles:-

  • Plan and coordinate VVBD
  • Conduct research in VVBD
  • Develop or  Improve and Disseminate the  appropriate technologies for VVBD control or eradication
  • Enhance Public private partnership in VVBD
  • Develop capacity for VVBD research programme



  • Review and update VVBD programme in the country
  • Develop and disseminate cost effective and environmental friendly VVBD control technologies
  • Improvement, development and up scaling of appropriate control technologies for VVBD
  • Establish and maintain gene bank for  vector pathogens
  • Establishment, retooling and rehabilitation of VVBD infrastructures in our research institute
  • Mapping of socio- economic impact of  VVBD in the country
  • Inventories and capacity building of human resources for VVBD
  • Enhance collaboration with relevant national, regional, international institutions and development partners
  • Ensure that quality assurance of laboratory tests are maintained in the VVBD laboratories.
  • Training in laboratory technology on VVBD activities
  • Provide technical advice to policy makers on VVBD control measures


The VVBD Institute will have five sub-programmes namely:

  • Tick and tick-borne diseases,
  • Tsetse and trypanosomiasis,
  • Vector-borne Helminthosis,
  • Parasitic diseases
  • Viral diseases
  • Other Neglected Vector and Vector borne diseases


Thematic Research Areas

  • Epidemiology and the prevalence of VVBD
  • Introduction and evaluation of new scientific innovations
  • Arthropod Ecology and Behaviour
  • Standardization of biological and chemical used in VVBD
  • Development of sensitive diagnostic tests